Церковь св. Петра в веригах
San Pietro in Vincoli, church of St Peter in Chains
The church was one of the tituli, Rome's first parish churches, known as the Titulus Eudoxiae or the Eudoxiana. It was built over the ruins of an Imperial villa in 442 (or possibly 439), to house the chains that had bound St Peter in prison in Jerusalem (Acts, ch. 5 and 12). The builder was the presbyter Philippus, aided by Eudoxia, wife of Eastern Roman Emperor Valentinian III.
According to one tradition, St Peter was condemned in a court building on this site, and a Christian chapel was built here in the 4th century. The new church then replaced this in the 5th century. There is no evidence that supports this tradition, and the remains below the church are from a villa, not a basilica.
It was restored by Pope Adrian I (772 - 795), and rebuilt by Pope Sixtus IV (1471 - 1484) and Pope Julius II (1503 - 1513).
It was renovated in 1875, and some modernizations were made at that time.
The church is served by the Canons Regular of the Lateran. Since 1970, it has been the property of the Italian state.
The last titular priest of the church was H.E. Louis-Marie Cardinal Billй, Archbishop of Lyon. He was appointed on February 21, 2001, and died 12 March 2002.

The ancient origins of the church are clearly visible.

4/a Piazza San Pietro in Vincoli
00184 Roma
Tel. 06 48 82 865
Normally open daily 07.00-12.30 and 15.30-18.00
Ancient basilica dedicated to St Peter the Apostle.
The portico was rebuilt in the pontificate of Sixtus IV (1471-1484) by Baccio Pontelli, and after being raised in the early 17th century, under Pope Clement XI, it hides the old facade.
The marble entrance portal is from the 15th century. It bears the arms of the Della Rovere family.
The cloister, designed by G. da Sangallo 1489-1503, can be entered if you ask at the Institute of Engineering (Universitа di Roma) to the right of the church. A well cover, c. 1517, in the cloister is attributed to Antonio da Sangallo the Younger.
Excavations beneath the church can be entered from the portico.
Right aisle
Transept, sanctuary and apse
Left aisle
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